Organic farming

WHAT IS ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?
Organic Agriculture has eliminated the use of synthetic chemical production inputs in production; instead, it has been used in crop rotation, product residues, animal manure, green manure and non-agricultural organic wastes; It is a production system that uses biological control methods in the fight against diseases, pests and weeds. The aim of organic farming is to produce human and animal food that is harmful and free from diseases by protecting natural resources.

Another definition is organic agriculture,

Organic Agriculture is a holistic system approach based on a sustainable eco-system, a series of processes that results in safe food, healthy nutrition, social justice and better environmental living conditions for animals. For this reason, organic production refers to being beyond a production system that only covers or excludes certain inputs. In organic farming, the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and all synthetic preservatives, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and irradiation methods is prohibited. Compliance with organic farming standards is ensured through inspection and certification, including protecting the consumer against fraudulent practices.

Organic Production; is a closed system production method that aims to protect the natural balance lost as a result of incorrect applications in the eco-system, aiming to increase the quality of the product, not to increase the quantity in production, but also to plant and animal production which are friendly to human and environment.

Organic Product; contracted farmer application and production from production to consumption at each stage are controlled and certified products. In other words, they are products that have been harvested, processed, stored, packaged and transported, that is, health-safe products, which are produced and controlled according to the principles of organic farming.

WHY ORGANIC FARMING?
In traditional agriculture, monoculture production, ie the same land is constantly cultivated by the same crops, while the efficiency of the soil exploited by one-way agriculture decreases, the rotation of organic farming (alternation) enriches the soil and increases its efficiency.

85% of farmers in Turkey are small land owners, Investment powers are weak and have difficulty in getting together organized. In organic agriculture, farmers can come together and have the opportunity to produce and to produce more quality products and to earn more.

Organic farming provides a healthier environment for workers in the field. Because residual risks of chemicals threatening health are at the lowest level, ie they do not have a risk for health. The increase in production costs is higher than product sales prices, and the farmer cannot cover the costs of production inputs in traditional agriculture. These costs are lower in organic farming.

The increase in production costs is higher than the product sales prices, and the farmer cannot cover the costs of production inputs in traditional agriculture. These costs are lower in organic farming.

Organic agriculture protects agricultural areas, wildlife and biodiversity that are threatened by environmental problems.

Organic agriculture reduces the consumption of water and energy and ensures the economic use of non-renewable resources.

In organic production, products are not allowed to be irradiated and input materials produced from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are not used.

Organic products are produced and inspected according to organic farming rules. Organic farming allows the production of packaged, labeled and branded products.

Since no synthetic chemical inputs are used in the production of organic products and no deterioration is observed in the structure of the natural taste ingredients of the products, healthy and delicious products are produced.

Organic farming; It is a form of production that preserves the balance of nature because it does not cause air, water and soil pollution.

Self-sufficiency in rural areas is at risk. Organic agriculture is a solution for preventing the migration from the village to the city, which cannot be prevented and cannot be prevented.

Eco-villages and eco-tourism are a new source of income for farmers.

WHAT ARE THE PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?
Production should be done by using raw materials of natural origin in agricultural enterprises.
In organic farming, producing sufficient quantities and high quality products comes before targeting maximum yield.
Organic farming prohibits the use of synthetic and chemicals such as farm manure, green manure, farm and liquid wastes, straw, peat, mushroom production residues, organic home residues compost, processed products of animal waste, seaweed and algae products, sawdust, bark, wood residues, Naturally the phosphate rocks can be used as fertilizer.
Control and certification system is applied in every stage of the production made by recording.
In the selection of plant species and varieties should take into account the ecological conditions of the place of production should be resistant to these conditions, seed, seedlings and animals should be used.
Production made by contracted farmer application.
Transition period and crop rotation is applied production. Legumes should be weighted in ecological environment.
According to the principles of "Organic Agriculture Law and Regulation", it is produced by modern agricultural techniques.
In animal production, it is necessary to be suitable for the types of barns and barns, to meet the nutritional needs as much as possible from the enterprise. Chemicals (antibiotics, weight-increasing additives, etc.) should not be added to feeds.
1 ha. For field 1 cattle should be considered.
It aims at preserving biodiversity and soil fertility and minimizes the harm to the environment and people.
It provides a self-contained closed system and continuity production system by enabling the enterprise to use its own inputs.
Production with irrigation system (drip irrigation).
Reducing the use of resources that are difficult to renew.
Diseases and pests and biological and biotechnical methods of combat production is done with applications.
It is the production by applying different systems in weed control.
Packaging, storage and transportation phases are also controlled and certified production.
It is the production method where different applications are made in marketing and sales systems.
Eco-Villages and eco-tourism establishments are production opportunities in harmony with nature.

WHAT IS THE CONTRACTED FARMER APPLICATION IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?
implementation of contracted farmers in the production of organic products has been introduced in Turkey. In this application, farmers and producers make a contract on the condition of supplying the inputs during the production stage and the purchase of the products at the harvest stage, provided that they have the right to apply to the court. The contracted agricultural sector provides advantages to producers by providing market, price, sales and premium guarantees.
Contract farmers can observe the advantages of organic farming by observing and raising awareness of the benefits of organic agriculture in their fields and gardens. Organic farming is not agriculture made by grandfathering methods, on the contrary, it requires modern technologies and production techniques in production and struggle. In organic agriculture, the low cost of input for traditional agriculture positively affects farmers and the interest in organic agriculture is increasing day by day.

WHAT IS ORGANIC PRODUCT CERTIFICATE?
It is a production system that is controlled and certified to produce a self-contained closed system based on the use of organic production, farm and local resources which are compatible with the environment, and to control and certify the whole production process instead of the final product. Contracted farmers undertake not to use synthetic chemical drugs, hormones or fertilizers in their gardens and fields. Each of the organic products produced in accordance with these conditions shall be given an "Organic Product Certificate", which certifies that the products are controlled as organic products, controlled by the international independent inspection firms authorized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
Control and Certification firms perform their control and certification according to the principles of assignment specified in Organic Agriculture Law and Regulation. In these laws and regulations, they also determine who the control bodies are and what they should fulfill.

WHAT ARE THE REASONS OF BEING A ORGANIC PRODUCT CONSUMER?
To protect the health of our children and ourselves, especially the farmers who have 6 times more cancer risk by dealing with toxic chemical drugs and fertilizers,
Preserving the health of future generations, (in the USA, 0-2, using organic products in the production of children food in the 2-6 age group in Germany has become mandatory by law)
To protect soil, air and water quality,
To prevent soil erosion,
To enrich the amount of living and organic matter within the soil,
To save water and energy,
Preventing the extinction of small farmers with their premiums,
To reduce the distance between the producer and the consumer by solving the marketing problems by taking the products of the contract farmers,
Promote biodiversity by promoting the production of products that start to disappear and by promoting regional production,
Creating clean products using non-GMO seed,
To increase the producer's income by making cheaper and long-term closed production (plant and animal production together).

WHAT SHOULD BE MADE WHEN MAKING DECISION TO START ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?
1. Organic agriculture law and regulations should be examined and the principles of organic agriculture should be learned. It should be accepted that registration and quality are essential in controlled and contract production in accordance with the rules of organic agriculture.
2. Land for organic farming; Conventional crops should not be located near the road, factory and similar pollutant structures. A check and certification firm should be consulted to determine the distances.
3. In the land that is decided to make organic farming; 2 years in single-year plants such as vegetables, perennial plants such as fruit trees for a period of 3 years with the application of the transition period according to the principles of organic farming will be made but "transition product" will be obtained and will be marketed as such.
4. It should be accepted that the same crop shall be applied in the same field instead of producing the same crop according to the region.
5. It should be known that a contract is made with one of the Control and Certification Companies, a certain amount of cost, registration at every stage of production and certification as a result of the checks to be performed.

WHAT SHOULD BE MADE AFTER THE DECISION OF STARTING THE ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?
1. Examination of the relevant laws and regulations applied at home and abroad
2nd. . Ecological and economic analysis
3. Investigation of consultancy services
4. Determination of organic product pattern and compilation of production information
5. Preparation of preliminary documentation
- Preparation of organic producer cards containing manufacturer information
- Preparation of an organic producer land inventory covering the last three years of production information
- Preparation of sketches of organic farm plots
- Preparation of organic agriculture management plan
6. Receiving offers and evaluating offers for inspection and certification services
7. Signing a contract with the inspection and certification company and initiating the control / certification process
- Examination of documents prepared by the project owner by the controller
- Start of control activity
- Interviews with manufacturers or processors
- Land / business reviews
- Sampling and analysis decisions
(Analyzes can only be performed by accredited laboratories related to this work)
8. Writing reports according to the principles of organic agriculture
The reports of each project should be written. The content of the report should respond to the questions of the requested certificate standard. The certification process is carried out by an authorized person by examining this report and its annexes.
9. Start of Certification Process
10. Arranging the Sales Certificate
Purchasing, processing, packaging, sales etc. the control of the process related to the activities continues at the level of documentation and information.

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